- Scientific evidence
- Are these Answers Helpful ?
- Argument: Claims, Reasons, Evidence
- The Nature of Science
Claims, Evidence, Reasoningfor watch you
Remember, one of the foundations of scientific inquiry is the assumption that scientific ideas must be confirmed and are subject to revision. Although the back-and-forth debates among scientists may sometimes be confusing to the public, these challenges and counter-challenges serve a very useful and necessary purpose in advancing scientific knowledge. By using empirical methods, scientists make it possible for other scientists to reexamine evidence and data, repeat experiments, replicate research results and confirm or reject explanations. Scientists want other scientists or peers in the same field of study to review their methods and challenge their results. Because the public and the scientific community will have confidence in their explanations only after other qualified scientists have judged their work to be valid.
Critical thinking means being able to make good arguments. Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence. Argumentation is a social process of two or more people making arguments, responding to one another--not simply restating the same claims and reasons--and modifying or defending their positions accordingly. Claims are statements about what is true or good or about what should be done or believed. Claims are potentially arguable. The rest of the world can't really dispute whether I liked the book or not, but they can argue about the benefits of liberal arts.
In this activity your students will be introduced to the concepts of claim, evidence and reasoning. Questions guide the students to make observations. Model 1: Students develop a claim statement based upon chemistry test data. Students are given a guiding question and an image to consider as they pull together a claim. Model 2: Students make a claim based upon gas data.
Answer: Option (c) is the correct answer. Explanation: A scientific claim is the scientific data that is appropriate and the enough to support the.
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I think almost everybody that gets seriously into science is driven by curiosity. Or something else? Next, we can ask our students what data they need to answer the question, and how they can collect that datahow they can investigate. Once students conduct the investigation and have data, they can create an explanation. But what does a good explanation look like?
Please Enter a Question First. Question : Which serves as evidence for a scientific claim? The questions posted on the site are solely user generated, Doubtnut has no ownership or control over the nature and content of those questions. Doubtnut is not responsible for any discrepancies concerning the duplicity of content over those questions. Type Question Here :.
It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. You can use an alternative approach if the approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations. This guidance document is for industry. It represents the agency's current thinking on 1 the process for evaluating the scientific evidence for a health claim, 2 the meaning of the significant scientific agreement SSA standard in section r 3 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act the Act 21 U. This guidance document describes the evidence-based review system that FDA intends to use to evaluate the publicly available scientific evidence for SSA health claims or qualified health claims on the relationship between a substance and a disease or health-related condition.
Are these Answers Helpful ?
Scientific evidence is evidence which serves to either support or counter a scientific theory or hypothesis. -
Argument: Claims, Reasons, Evidence
The Nature of Science